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There are not many things more beautiful than a hydrangea in its blooming season. They are definitely one of my favorite flowers, and judging by the pictures in my Instagram feed, they are as popular as ever.
There are so many beautiful varieties in so many colors! They give your home so much curb appeal with their rich pops of color. Even a single bloom in a bud vase can liven up your indoor spaces.
I recently vacationed in the quaint town of Ocean City, NJ. Those homes had some of the most beautiful hydrangeas I’ve ever seen. You can check it out here at beach house curb appeal.
However, some Hydrangeas can be kind of picky!
Sometimes you think you are doing everything right and your hydrangea doesn’t produce a single bloom for you.
It’s very disappointing and discouraging to say the least.
The rental house we are in has several varieties of hydrangeas all around – a definite perk while we wait out our renovation! I’m taking advantage of the instant arrangements I can whip together for the house.
Today I’m covering tips and tricks on caring for these gorgeous Hydrangea shrubs – including 5 things you may not know about them. But should!
Let’s dive right in.
How to Care for Hydrangeas – the Basics
Choosing the right variety of Hydrangea can be tricky. First – find your Hardiness Zone and pick a day to really study your yard. You should know what direction each side of your house is facing and look at the sun patterns in your yard throughout the day.
Note where shady areas fall and which areas are hit by the blazing sun. Make a little sun map so you can refer to it in the future for other plantings.
Once you are armed with your yard information, the easiest thing to do is go to your local plant nursery and ask them for advice. They will tell you the hydrangea varieties that bloom the best in your area.
Another easy way to find out?
Copy your neighbors! Ask them what variety of hydrangea they have or simply take a picture and upload to a Plant ID app. I have used Garden Answers Plant ID and it worked great. Plus, it was free. It can be a great way to learn about what’s growing in your garden and around your neighborhood.
Now let’s go over the basics for Hydrangea care.
The most important thing you can do when planting your hydrangea is choosing the right location for it. You may have to move it around until you find the perfect spot.
For instance, I live in the Pacific Northwest. Even though we are up north where I assumed it could take full sun, my Endless Summer Hydrangea kept wilting. It just was not loving the location I had initially chose for it. So I moved it.
Unfortunately, I had the same experience in the 2nd location! So I moved it again – this time to a large terra cotta pot on my back patio where it gets only morning sun and the rest of the day it’s in the shade.
And you know what?
It’s blooming beautifully there. Make sure your location has good drainage. Hydrangeas don’t like to be sitting in sopping wet soil – but they like moist soil. More on that below.
As your hydrangea gets older and the roots get more established, it can take more sun.
But generally speaking, Hydrangeas like morning sun and afternoon shade or dappled afternoon shade.
They will definitely wilt and/or turn crispy brown if they are given too much summer sun. And unfortunately, once they are crispy brown they stay like that until you cut them off! Trust me, I know from experience. By the way, they can also develop crispy brown leaves from fertilizer burn – more on that below.
Just keep in mind that they do need some sun in order to bloom so it make just take some tweaking on your part until you find the perfect spot for it.
Hydrangeas are thirsty flowers. It’s important to water them consistently. I always test my hydrangeas by feeling the soil around the base of the plant. It should be moist but not wet.
So like I said earlier, definitely make sure where ever you plant them has good drainage. Hydrangeas don’t like to be watered, then bone dry, then watered, then bone dry etc. It’s a good idea to keep them consistently moist if you can.
A newly planted Hydrangea should be watered at least every day or even more than one time a day if it’s super hot out until the roots are more established.
If you notice that your hydrangea is wilting by the end of the day – then it’s telling you it needs more water and/or the location is too sunny and hot. Water them more frequently or move them to a spot with more shade in the afternoon.
Adding a layer of mulch around the base of the plant also helps to hold more moisture in the ground.
Hydrangea Care – Which Fertilizer to use?
I have always fertilized my hydrangeas and recommend you do so as well, especially for newly planted shrubs.
But here’s the trick with fertilizing.
Don’t go overboard!
In fact, if your hydrangea seems to be thriving, you can skip some of the fertilizing. Fertilizing a plant too much can prevent it from blooming.
My mom had this issue with her hydrangeas. She had the most robust looking and prettiest…..leaves. When she stopped fertilizing them so much – what do you know, they started blooming for her again.
Hydrangeas prefer a more relaxed approach to fertilizing. I fertilize mine in early spring with this fertilizer. I just follow the directions and mix it with water before using. I also mix in some organic compost to the soil.
Then again in late Spring and also in Summer – I fertilize them again. So, about three times per year during their growing season.
You know you over fertilized when….
- You have no blooms but healthy looking leaves.
- You have wilted, crispy brown leaves. This is called fertilizer burn.
What if you have yellow leaves?
Your plant might need iron. It’s easy enough to just add more iron !
Before pruning …
First you need to ask yourself : What type of Hydrangea do I have and does it bloom on old wood or new wood?
Once you know what type of Hydrangea you have, it’s easy enough to google it and find the answer.
Here’s how to prune for each old and new wood hydrangeas:
Old Wood : Prune in LATE SUMMER after the flowers start to fade. Do not prune these to the ground! Just prune off right under the flower buds to keep them looking nice and neat and they will bloom for you next year. You can cut old, damaged stems off to help it keep its shape.
New Wood: You can cut these all the way to ground in the FALL and they will produce bigger blooms for you next year.
Are floppy blooms getting you down?
Sometimes the weight of the blooms can make the hydrangea bush flop over. Not a great look.
Here’s how to solve that.
Instead of pruning them to the ground, just prune them to about 2 feet above the ground. Leaving some stem framework will help your blooms be sturdier the next time around.
And yes – they will look dead all winter long. I had to get used to that stick appearance. Just know what’s coming in summer!
If you seem to be struggling with getting your hydrangeas to bloom and/or you just don’t want to be bothered – definitely check out the newer varieties.
They keep tweaking these beautiful hydrangeas to be more robust and more showy and easier to care for.
The newer varieties of Hydrangea are considered “rebloomers”.
With these rebloomers, you don’t need to worry about pruning at the right time and cutting off potential buds.
5 Things you Might not Know about Hydrangeas
For those of you who just want to get to the quick tips/tricks/facts…
1. You can change the color of their blooms
You actually may already know this, but it’s worth mentioning because I’m sure some of you out there are unaware. Just by tweaking the pH of the soil – you can change the color of the blooms.
2. Hydrangeas Can be Propagated
Did you know you grow more hydrangeas from one stem?
Once you have yourself a successful Hydrangea bush and you want more, you can simply cut off a 5 inch piece of a softwood stem with a leaf attached (no bloom), dip the end of it in rooting hormone, and plant it in a little pot or tray in a shady spot. Cover it with a plastic bag and mist it often to keep it moist.
After about a month, you should have roots. Transplant it to a bigger container and give it fertilizer. Keep up with basic care and you are well on your way to a beautiful, FREE, new hydrangea.
3. You can Revive Cut Hydrangeas with Boiling Water and Cold Water
Cut Hydrangeas early in the morning. Dip stems in boiling water for 30 seconds (this unclogs their sappy stems) and then plunge them carefully in a cold water bath up to the flower head for about an hour.
After the hour, the flowers will be perked up and ready for your arrangement!
4. Cut Stems on a Angle and Dip Them in Alum for Less Wilting
When you cut your hydrangeas for arranging, cut the stems on an angle. I do this with most flowers actually. I use these pruning shears. I clean the blades with rubbing alcohol prior to using on other plants.
After cutting the stems on an angle, dip the stem in Alum (hint : it’s in the spice aisle). Your flowers will last even longer!
5. Hydrangeas come in Tree Form
The Hydrangea tree might be the best invention ever.
You can train them that way or buy them already trained. The Hydrangea Paniculata species is the only one you can train into a tree. Just so ya know.
Why is my Hydrangea not Blooming?
If you are experiencing no blooms and want to cut to the chase, here are the reasons why your hydrangea is not blooming…
- You over-fertilized. See the “fertilize” section above under Basic Care.
- Your plants doesn’t get enough sun. See the “location” section.
- You over pruned. You may have cut off buds! See “pruning”.
- You had a cold snap. Aw, snap. Nothing you can do about that. We can’t control Mother Nature. Hydrangeas are sensitive to weather changes – if it got really cold before the plant went dormant, some of the bud stems could have been damaged – leading to less or no blooms next season.
Tips and Tricks for a Beautiful Hydrangea Flower Arrangement
- Cut stems early in the morning on a diagonal.
- Dip Stems in Alum before placing in water.
- Use flower food if you have it. I like this brand of flower food.
- Change water in the vase frequently.
- Use the boiling water method above to revive wilted blooms!
- Check out this post for making Dried Hydrangea Arrangements
Phew – that was one long post! Thanks so much for reading this (if you made it this far).
I hope this helps you grow better hydrangeas!